Names for dogs antiquity

Names for dogs / antiquity

Aba – daughter of the tyrant of Cilicia Zeophanes, ruler of the city of Olbe in the first century.p.n.e.
Ajtra – mother of Theseus
Akte – Nero’s mistress, faithful to him to the last moment
Alia – left tributary of the Tiber, where in 390 p.n.e. the Romans suffered defeat in the war with the Gauls
Anteja – daughter of the Lycian king Jobates
Appia – a city in Phrygia; one of the main streets of Rome; the oldest Roman aqueduct
Aria – Province in Eastern Persia
Arsa – the border river between Italy and Illyria
Aurora – goddess of the dawn, sister of the goddess Luna and the god Sol

Barba – from the Latin. beard, the first shaving of the beard introduced boys to manhood
Bellona – goddess of war, sister or wife of Mars
Bruma – abbreviation for brevissima dies, or shortest day. 25 December

Caia – ubi tu Caius, ibi ego Caia, where you Caius, there I Caia – words spoken by a woman during a marriage in ancient times. Rome.
Carna – The goddess who takes care of the organs necessary for life, such as the heart or lungs
Ceres – Cerera, the Italian goddess of the harvest; identified with the Greek Demeter.
Clodia – sister of Clodius, famous for her beauty, intelligence and wit, but also for her immoral behaviour. As Lesbia she appeared in the works of Catullus

Daphne – a nymph, Artemis’ favourite; when she ran away from Apollo in love with her, Zeus turned her into a laurel tree
Dea – Latin.goddess
Dido – Dido, founder of Carthage. She was to receive as much land as can be covered with an ox hide. Having sliced the skin into narrow strips, she marked out the area where Byers’ stronghold stood
Dike – one of the horas; the personification of justice.
Dirke – Phoebe, wife of the king of Thebes; punished by her sons for mistreating Antipope; tied to the horns of a bull, she died smashed against the rocks
Domicia – aunt of Nero or wife of Emperor Domitian, who participated in a plot on his life
Driad – a forest nymph inhabiting the trees

Aegis – shield made by Hephaestus for Zeus, covered with the skin of Amalthea’s goat; with this shield the goddess Athena was to shield the fighting soldiers
Eirene – the personification of peace, daughter of Zeus and Themis; depicted with a small Plutus on her arm and a horn of plenty; in Roman mythology Pax
Etna – a volcano in Italy, in Sicily, home of Hephaestus

Febe – a Titaness, daughter of Uranus and Gaia or one of the Amazons killed by Heracles
Phaedra – Second wife of Theseus, daughter of King Minos of Crete, sister of Ariadne
Fibula – ornamental clasp for fastening clothes
Flora – goddess of spring vegetation in bloom
Fryne – Greek hetera, famous for her beauty, model for the sculptor Praxiteles
Fury – avenger of all iniquity

Gaia – the primordial element emerging from Chaos, from which a generation of gods arose, also the goddess of fertility
Gaul – name of the area inhabited in ancient times by Celtic tribes
Gemma – a precious or semi-precious stone, decorated with miniature relief
Gracia – goddess of grace

Halia – People’s assembly in the Doric polis
Harpy – a predatory monster in the form of a winged woman or a bird with a human head; a personification of violent winds, a demon that kidnaps children and souls
Hebe – the personification of youth; daughter of Zeus and Hera; wife of immortalized Heracles; at the feasts of the gods, she was a steward of nectar and ambrosia
Hemera – daughter of the night Nyks and Ereb, goddess of daylight, personification of the day
Herse – daughter of the king of Athens, lover of Hermes
Hora – the deity of order in nature and society; daughter of Zeus and Themis

Ida – the highest mountain range on Crete. Zeus was born in one of the caves there
Ilia – Elida, a historical region in Greece on the Ionian Sea
Ino – daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia, wife of Atamas, king of Thebes
Io – the priestess of Hera in Argos; the beloved of Zeus, turned into a heifer by jealous Hera and put under the guard of Argos with a hundred eyes
Ira – a peak in southern Messania with a fortress defended for 11 years during the war with Sparta
Iris – a messenger of the gods, transformed into a rainbow by Hera. Brings rain and feeds the clouds with the water of the seas and rivers.
Isis – Isis, in myth.egypt. one of the most important goddesses, wife of Osiris, mother of Horus and Harpocrates
Iuno – Goddess of women, marriage and motherhood; together with her husband Jupiter and Minerva formed the so-called. the Capitoline Triad.

Calypso – rescuer, nymph, inhabitant of the island of Ogygia; for 7 years she kept Odysseus returning from Troy
Clio – one of the muses; protector of history; her attribute was a scroll
Kora – the goddess of sprouting grain, daughter of Zeus and Demeter; in Roman mythology Proserpine; abducted by Hades, she became mistress of the world of the dead; Zeus, at Demeter’s request, allowed her to spend part of the year on earth with her mother (the vegetative period of plants)

Lamia – the mistress of Zeus, who after the death of her children, killed by the jealous Hera, went mad with despair and turned into a monster kidnapping children of other mothers
Lara – goddess of the Manes, guardian spirits – bad Larvae and good Larvae
Latona – Leto, mother of Apollo and Artemis conceived with Zeus; persecuted by Hera, she found refuge and gave birth to them on the island of Delos
Laverna – the goddess who takes care of thieves and swindlers
Lavinia – Wife of a proto-Roman – Aeneas, after whom the Italian town of Lawinium was named
Leda – the lover of Zeus, who came to her in the form of a swan and 9 months later gave birth to Castor, Pollux and Helen of Troy
Luna – ancient Vitalian goddess of the moon, identified with gr. Selene

Mayra – the bitch of Ikarios’ daughter, who led her to the place of her father’s death
Marcia – the wife of Cato the Younger or sister of Emperor Trajan
Marica – local latin deity, water nymph, identified with Aphrodite
Medea – A sorceress, she helped Jason win the Golden Fleece; abandoned by him, she took revenge by killing her children and a rival
Megara – town in Greece on the Aegean Sea, birthplace of Euclid
Melia – daughter of Okeanos, kidnapped by Apollo. She was worshipped at the sanctuary of Apollo in Thebes
Melissa – gr. the bee, a nymph who taught people to use honey
Myra – parka, goddess of fate, daughter of Zeus and Themis

Nike – gr.victory, winged goddess of victory, adorned monuments to victories in battle, sport or art; identified with the Roman Victoria
Niobe – daughter of Tantalus, wife of Amphion; boasting of her numerous offspring, she offended Leto, mother of Apollo and Artemis; their arrows caused her to lose all her children; Zeus turned the despairing Niobe into a rock
Nyks – personification of the night, daughter of Chaos, mother of dreams. She rode in a chariot surrounded by stars
Nona – the fifth day of the month, the name comes from novem-nine, because it was the ninth day before ides

Oda – a verse work in the pathetic and rhetorical style, celebrating a great idea, a prominent person, or a momentous act
Onka – a nickname for Athena, worshipped in Beotia at the sanctuary of Onkaj
Ops – wife of Saturn, goddess of harvest and abundance, protector of agriculture. Opalia and Opeconsivia were celebrated in her honor

Pandora – gr.the gift of all, the first woman on earth, the work of Hephaestus; she was the gift of all the gods given to men for torment as a punishment for the theft of fire by Prometheus; as dowry she received a barrel, which contained all kinds of misfortunes (Pandora’s box)
Petra – Latin.a rock, the ruins of an ancient. the city of West Jordan, the capital of the Nabatean state in ancient times; surviving is a complex of tombs and temples carved into the steep rocky slopes, dating from the Roman period
Psyche – gr.the soul, the personification of the human soul; a princess, persecuted by Aphrodite because of her beauty; the beloved of Eros
Pythia – in ancient Greece, soothsayer of Apollo at Delphi; her oracles were characterized by ambiguity Rafia-city on the coast of Palestine, where in 216 p.n.e. Tannicus the Great suffered defeat in a clash with Ptolemy Philopator

Rea – Titanid, daughter of Uranus and Gaia, sister and spouse of Kronos; mother of the Olympian gods, identified with Kybele
Roma – Rome

Safo – Safona, Greek poetess from the late. 7th and 6th centuries. p.n.e.. She created wedding songs, love songs, and hymns
Sagitta – Latin. a light arrow made of wood or reeds, used by troops called sagittari
Scylla – a sea monster lurking for sailors on the shores of a narrow strait; on the opposite side lurked Charybdis
Selene – gr. moon, goddess of the moon, sister of Helios and Eos; credited with influencing health, sex life, and magical practices; in Roman mythology — Luna
Semele – the queen of Thebes, through Zeus the mother of Dionysus; she died from the heat of the thunderbolt, when Zeus, fulfilling her request, appeared in all his divine majesty
Sima – gr. simós upward-slanted, in ancient. in classical architecture, a gutter with an S-shaped profile, placed above the crowning cornice and finished with an ornamental spire
Spina – a long wall on the axis of a circus, around which chariot races were held
Sura – a city in Asia Minor with an oracle of Apollo

Talia – the muse of comedy; her attribute was a comic mask
Tenia – a ribbon holding the ends of honorary or feasting wreaths
Trivia – nickname of Diana, as the goddess of the moon, she was sacrificed at crossroads – trivium
Tyche – goddess „blind” The most famous of them is the Virgin Mary, one of the most important figures in the history of the Roman empire — in a crown from the walls (corona muralis)
Tyya – the first woman to offer sacrifice to Dionysus, thus initiating a cult in his honour

Veliya – one of the seven Roman hills on which stood the triumphal arch of Titus, commemorating the capture of Jerusalem
Vesta – Latin.fire, goddess of the home hearth, identified with the Greek Hestia; worshipped in a round temple in Rome’s Roman Forum, where vestal virgins guarded the eternal fire

Zama – in ancient times, a city in northern Africa, where in 202 p.n.e. Hannibal in the war against the Romans suffered the final defeat

Abas – king of Argos, great-grandfather of Perseus
Achaj – mythological hero, son of Zeus and Pythia or member of the Achaean tribe
Agis – Greek poet, author of epigrams from the Palatine Anthology; name of Spartan kings
Acanthus – a thistle plant whose leaves were used as a decorative element, e.g. capitals of columns
Akis – son of Faun and the nymph Symaithis, knocked down by Polyphemus and turned into a river
Altis – sacred grove and Zeus’ circle in Olympia
Anios – son and priest of Apollo from the sanctuary on Delos
Aper – Latin. deer – nickname of several prominent Roman families
Apis – Egyptian sacred bull sacrificed to Osiris. He had a white birthmark on his forehead
Argus – Argos, Odysseus’ faithful dog, who waited for him for 20 years
Arion – a Trojan killed by Achilles’ son Neoptolemos
Artas – prince of Messapia, ally of Demosthenes in the expedition to Sicily in 414 p.n.e.
Asper – Roman grammarian from the 2nd half.II century
Atax – a river in Galia Narbonensis flowing into Lake Rubressus
Attis – a beautiful young man, the beloved of the goddess Kybele, in a rage he stripped himself of his manhood and died, but the goddess resurrected him. He is a symbol of the rebirth of nature.
Augur – in ancient. Rome a member of the priestly college overseeing the auspices of public
Aulos – a wooden, wind instrument, popular in ancient Rome; a personification of the. Greece.
Azan – son of Arkas, grandson of Zeus and Kalisto, after his father’s death he had 1/3 of Arcadia

Balbus – nickname of Roman families – Cornelius, Atius and others.
Bassus – nickname of Roman writers: Gavius Bassus – grammarian and philologist, Caesius Bassus – satirist, Lollius Bassus – epigrammatist
Belos – founder of the Babylonian state or protoplast of the kings of Tyre, father of Dido
Bostar – one of the Carthaginian chiefs, in 256 p.n.e. fought against the armies of Regulus
Brygos – 5th century Athenian potter.p.n.e.

Caius – Gaius, a male name denoted by the abbreviation C.
Cato – Cato the Elder Censor, Marcus Porcius Cato Maior Censorinus, Roman. statesman, speaker and writer; a fierce enemy of Carthage, author of Origines — history of Rome
Censor – Latin. censor, in ancient Rome, one of 2 officials elected every 5 years to conduct a censure; a censure held for 18 months was the crowning achievement of an official career
Chaos – gr.emptiness, originally a cosmic void; the state before the ordering of the elements of the Universe
Chiron – Chejron, a centaur, famous for his integrity, wisdom and medical knowledge, teacher of Asklepios, tutor of Achilles, Jason and others. Heroes. Wounded by Heracles’ arrow, he relinquished immortality to Prometheus
Consul – in ancient Rome, a civil and military official; during the republic, two consuls were elected for one year, giving them almost absolute power
Cyrus – the name of the Persian rulers

Dactyl – gr.finger, foot composed of 3 syllables: long and 2 short
Daedalus – Athenian architect and inventor; exiled from his country for murder, he escaped to Crete, where he built Minos a m.in. Labyrinth; imprisoned, he escaped with his son Icarus on wings of his own construction
Dem – basic territorial unit in Attica introduced by Cleisthenes
Denar – silver coin; in ancient Rome minted from 214 p.n.e.
Dis – the god of the underworld identified with Pluto

Edil – [Latin. aedilis ‘temple’], in ancient Rome officials for m.in. public safety, order in the city, its victuals and games;
Eol – ruler of the winds; subject to him.including. Notos (south wind), Boreas (north), Zephyr (west), Euros (east); in Roman mythology. Auster, Aquilon, Favonius, Vulturnus (Eurus) corresponded to them in turn.
Epic -gr.word, story, epic, longer work, usually in verse, telling the story of legendary or hist. heroes against the backdrop of landmark events for a particular collective;
Ereb – a personification of the darkness of the underworld; its farthest and most terrible part; sometimes a term for the whole underworld, the abode of Hades
Aesop – lived in the 6th century. p.n.e., a Greek fairy-tale writer from Phrygia; considered to be the author of classical animal fables of a moralizing character.

Phoebus – Feb, originally a sun deity; after identification with Apollo — its epithet – bright, shining
Folos – The centaur that gave Heracles hospitality

Galen – Claudius Galenus, ur. ca. 130, Roman physician, of Greek origin; physician to the emperors; corrected many notions in anatomy and physiology, introduced new terms, mainly in pathology, created knowledge about the forms of drugs
Gelon – tyrant of the city of Gela in Sicily, after his death revered as a hero
Gerion – a monster with three conjoined bodies, whose oxen were to be stolen by Heracles in his 10th work
Gladius – a short sword common in the Roman army. during the early Roman Empire; gladiators were named after him

Haymon – gr.the expert, the son of Creon, king of Thebes; according to Sophocles, he was Antigone’s fiancé and committed suicide after her death
Haymos – son of Boreas, for his insolence towards the gods he was turned into a mountain
Hector – bravest Trojan hero; son of Priam and Hecuba, husband of Andromache; killed by Achilles
Hermes – the god of roads and travelers, protector of shepherds and their flocks; patron of inventors, poets and thieves; in Roman mythology. — Mercury
Hermon – Trojzen sculptor or Greek architect, both living in the 6th century.p.n.e.
Heron – of Alexandria, lived ca. 1st c. n.e., gr. mechanic, mathematician, and inventor; described m.in. a lever, a wedge, a wheel, a thread, a gear, and many mechanisms driven by compressed or heated air
Hylas – eldest son of Heracles
Hypnos – gr.sleep, god of dreams; son of Night, brother of Tanatos (death), father of Morpheus; imagined as a winged youth, usually with a poppy flower in his hand

Idas – participant in the hunt for the Caledonian boar and the Argonauts’ expedition for the golden fleece
Iulus – son of Aeneas, founder of the family of Julius. The month of July named after Julius Caesar

Jamb – gr.sound, a foot composed of 2 syllables: short and long
Janus – Latin.passage, one of the oldest Roman deities, protector of gates, passages, bridges, god of all beginnings; from his name comes the Latin. name January Ianuarius
Jason – son of King Iolkos (Thessaly), leader of the Argonauts’ expedition for the Golden Fleece, which he obtained with the help of Medea

Ketos – a sea monster killed by Perseus when he was about to devour Andromeda
Craton – Greek rhetor from the first century.p.n.e.
Creon – brother of Jocasta, mother and wife of Oedipus, ruled in Thebes after Oedipus was expelled from the city; Croesus – lived in the 6th century. p.n.e., king of Lydia , famous for his immense wealth; he led the country to greatness but was defeated by the Persians
Kronos – titan, youngest son of Uranus and Gaia; with the help of his mother and brothers, he overthrew his father’s rule and took over the world; husband of Rhea, father of Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus, who took his rule from him

Ladon – the hundred-headed dragon guarding the apples in the garden of Hesperides, killed by Heracles and raised to the firmament as a constellation
Lagos – father of Ptolemy I Soter, 4th c.p.n.e.
Lajos – king of Thebes, father of Oedipus, killed by his own son
Leos – one of the Athenian heroes who sacrificed his daughters to save the country from famine
Lycaon – an Athenian, one of Socrates’ accusers at his trial in 399 p.n.e.
Lycos – son of Poseidon, who was killed by Heracles. His father moved him to the Happy Islands
Lupus – Latin.wolf

Mago – brother of Hannibal, with whom he fought at the Battle of Cannae in 216 BC.n.e.
Mantus – Etruscan demon, king of the underworld, depicted with wings, crown and torch
Maro – Publius Vergilius Maro, ur . 70 r. p.n.e., one of the greatest Roman writers, Dante’s guide through hell in The Divine Comedy
Medon – hero of Odysseus, who informed Penelope of a plot by suitors on the life of her son Telemachus
Menon – disciple of Aristotle, author of a work on Greek medicine, preserved in fragments
Midas – king of the Phrygians, whose wish was granted by the Sylene he saved from the retinue of Dionysus. Since then everything he touched turned to gold
Mimas – one of the giants who took part in the battle of the giants with the Olympian gods. He was killed by Ares or Zeus
Minos – the wise king of Crete, who ordered Daedalus to build a labyrinth for his wife’s son, the Minotaur
Momos – the god of mockery and irony, represented as an old man with a mask in one hand and a jester’s sceptre in the other

Nessos – centaur carrying people across the river. When he tried to kidnap Heracles’ wife he was wounded. Before his death, he advised Dejanira to dip her husband’s robe in his blood, and he would love her forever. When she did, it turned out that Heracles died because the blood was poison.
Nestor – king of Pylos; the oldest of the Greek chiefs who fought at Troy, known for his vast experience and wise counsel
Numa – Numa Pompilius, dates of life unknown, second Roman king, of Sabine origin, successor to Romulus

Obol – gr. the coin, the fee for the carrier of Charon’s soul
Omen – auspicious or inauspicious omen, especially a word spoken casually and interpreted as divination
Orion – a hunter from Beotia, a giant of extraordinary beauty, the beloved of goddess Eos; he died of scorpion venom; he was transported between the stars

Pean – in Greek choral lyrical poetry, a solemn song of thanksgiving addressed to Apollo
Praetor – Latin.chief, in ancient Rome from 367 p.n.e. senior official replacing absent consuls, elected for one year; signs of power: fasces and 2 lictors carrying them, and a curule chair
Priam – King of Troy, husband of Hecuba, with whom he had many children, m.in. Hector, Paris, Cassandra, and Polyxena; killed by Neoptolemos

Remus – Romulus’ twin brother; killed by him in a dispute during the founding of Rome
Rhetor -gr. a rhetorician, an adept in the art of eloquence; rhetoric is the study of the principles of efficient and beautiful speech; it originated in ancient Greece. Greek, developed most fully by the Roman rhetor Quintilian; taught in eur. schools to catch. eighteenth century.
Rex – king, supreme judge, commander in chief and priest

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